Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders
Trauma- and stressor-related disorders involve having encountered a highly stressful or traumatic experience. Two disorders that classify are Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). ASD can begin right after the traumatic experience and can last anywhere between 3 days to a month. On the other hand, PTSD lasts longer than a month and can being up to 6 months after exposure to the traumatic experience. Sometimes PTSD can be a continuation from not recovering from ASD.
Symptoms can include “re-living” the experience through invasive and distressing recollection of the event, having nightmares and flashbacks. Anxiety, agitation, anger, insomnia, fear, avoidance, and difficulty concentrating.
Adjustment issues (disorders) are also characterized to be trauma and stressor-related. Adjustment issues are identified by the behavioral and emotional symptoms in response to not adjusting to stress. These could be factors related to challenges at work, a new work place, going off to university, moving a new country etc. Adjustment issues (disorders) can be different depending on the individual but must occur within three months of encountering the stressful event.
Not coping with adjustments, experiencing high levels of stress or trauma can be detrimental to one’s functionality. If you or love one are going through a traumatic or stressful event, ensure that you reach out and seek some support to help you through this vulnerable period.